Shortcuts

Note

You are reading the documentation for MMClassification 0.x, which will soon be deprecated at the end of 2022. We recommend you upgrade to MMClassification 1.0 to enjoy fruitful new features and better performance brought by OpenMMLab 2.0. Check the installation tutorial, migration tutorial and changelog for more details.

Source code for mmcls.models.backbones.swin_transformer

# Copyright (c) OpenMMLab. All rights reserved.
from copy import deepcopy
from typing import Sequence

import numpy as np
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.utils.checkpoint as cp
from mmcv.cnn import build_norm_layer
from mmcv.cnn.bricks.transformer import FFN, PatchEmbed, PatchMerging
from mmcv.cnn.utils.weight_init import trunc_normal_
from mmcv.runner.base_module import BaseModule, ModuleList
from mmcv.utils.parrots_wrapper import _BatchNorm

from ..builder import BACKBONES
from ..utils import (ShiftWindowMSA, resize_pos_embed,
                     resize_relative_position_bias_table, to_2tuple)
from .base_backbone import BaseBackbone


class SwinBlock(BaseModule):
    """Swin Transformer block.

    Args:
        embed_dims (int): Number of input channels.
        num_heads (int): Number of attention heads.
        window_size (int): The height and width of the window. Defaults to 7.
        shift (bool): Shift the attention window or not. Defaults to False.
        ffn_ratio (float): The expansion ratio of feedforward network hidden
            layer channels. Defaults to 4.
        drop_path (float): The drop path rate after attention and ffn.
            Defaults to 0.
        pad_small_map (bool): If True, pad the small feature map to the window
            size, which is common used in detection and segmentation. If False,
            avoid shifting window and shrink the window size to the size of
            feature map, which is common used in classification.
            Defaults to False.
        attn_cfgs (dict): The extra config of Shift Window-MSA.
            Defaults to empty dict.
        ffn_cfgs (dict): The extra config of FFN. Defaults to empty dict.
        norm_cfg (dict): The config of norm layers.
            Defaults to ``dict(type='LN')``.
        with_cp (bool): Use checkpoint or not. Using checkpoint will save some
            memory while slowing down the training speed. Defaults to False.
        init_cfg (dict, optional): The extra config for initialization.
            Defaults to None.
    """

    def __init__(self,
                 embed_dims,
                 num_heads,
                 window_size=7,
                 shift=False,
                 ffn_ratio=4.,
                 drop_path=0.,
                 pad_small_map=False,
                 attn_cfgs=dict(),
                 ffn_cfgs=dict(),
                 norm_cfg=dict(type='LN'),
                 with_cp=False,
                 init_cfg=None):

        super(SwinBlock, self).__init__(init_cfg)
        self.with_cp = with_cp

        _attn_cfgs = {
            'embed_dims': embed_dims,
            'num_heads': num_heads,
            'shift_size': window_size // 2 if shift else 0,
            'window_size': window_size,
            'dropout_layer': dict(type='DropPath', drop_prob=drop_path),
            'pad_small_map': pad_small_map,
            **attn_cfgs
        }
        self.norm1 = build_norm_layer(norm_cfg, embed_dims)[1]
        self.attn = ShiftWindowMSA(**_attn_cfgs)

        _ffn_cfgs = {
            'embed_dims': embed_dims,
            'feedforward_channels': int(embed_dims * ffn_ratio),
            'num_fcs': 2,
            'ffn_drop': 0,
            'dropout_layer': dict(type='DropPath', drop_prob=drop_path),
            'act_cfg': dict(type='GELU'),
            **ffn_cfgs
        }
        self.norm2 = build_norm_layer(norm_cfg, embed_dims)[1]
        self.ffn = FFN(**_ffn_cfgs)

    def forward(self, x, hw_shape):

        def _inner_forward(x):
            identity = x
            x = self.norm1(x)
            x = self.attn(x, hw_shape)
            x = x + identity

            identity = x
            x = self.norm2(x)
            x = self.ffn(x, identity=identity)

            return x

        if self.with_cp and x.requires_grad:
            x = cp.checkpoint(_inner_forward, x)
        else:
            x = _inner_forward(x)

        return x


class SwinBlockSequence(BaseModule):
    """Module with successive Swin Transformer blocks and downsample layer.

    Args:
        embed_dims (int): Number of input channels.
        depth (int): Number of successive swin transformer blocks.
        num_heads (int): Number of attention heads.
        window_size (int): The height and width of the window. Defaults to 7.
        downsample (bool): Downsample the output of blocks by patch merging.
            Defaults to False.
        downsample_cfg (dict): The extra config of the patch merging layer.
            Defaults to empty dict.
        drop_paths (Sequence[float] | float): The drop path rate in each block.
            Defaults to 0.
        block_cfgs (Sequence[dict] | dict): The extra config of each block.
            Defaults to empty dicts.
        with_cp (bool): Use checkpoint or not. Using checkpoint will save some
            memory while slowing down the training speed. Defaults to False.
        pad_small_map (bool): If True, pad the small feature map to the window
            size, which is common used in detection and segmentation. If False,
            avoid shifting window and shrink the window size to the size of
            feature map, which is common used in classification.
            Defaults to False.
        init_cfg (dict, optional): The extra config for initialization.
            Defaults to None.
    """

    def __init__(self,
                 embed_dims,
                 depth,
                 num_heads,
                 window_size=7,
                 downsample=False,
                 downsample_cfg=dict(),
                 drop_paths=0.,
                 block_cfgs=dict(),
                 with_cp=False,
                 pad_small_map=False,
                 init_cfg=None):
        super().__init__(init_cfg)

        if not isinstance(drop_paths, Sequence):
            drop_paths = [drop_paths] * depth

        if not isinstance(block_cfgs, Sequence):
            block_cfgs = [deepcopy(block_cfgs) for _ in range(depth)]

        self.embed_dims = embed_dims
        self.blocks = ModuleList()
        for i in range(depth):
            _block_cfg = {
                'embed_dims': embed_dims,
                'num_heads': num_heads,
                'window_size': window_size,
                'shift': False if i % 2 == 0 else True,
                'drop_path': drop_paths[i],
                'with_cp': with_cp,
                'pad_small_map': pad_small_map,
                **block_cfgs[i]
            }
            block = SwinBlock(**_block_cfg)
            self.blocks.append(block)

        if downsample:
            _downsample_cfg = {
                'in_channels': embed_dims,
                'out_channels': 2 * embed_dims,
                'norm_cfg': dict(type='LN'),
                **downsample_cfg
            }
            self.downsample = PatchMerging(**_downsample_cfg)
        else:
            self.downsample = None

    def forward(self, x, in_shape, do_downsample=True):
        for block in self.blocks:
            x = block(x, in_shape)

        if self.downsample is not None and do_downsample:
            x, out_shape = self.downsample(x, in_shape)
        else:
            out_shape = in_shape
        return x, out_shape

    @property
    def out_channels(self):
        if self.downsample:
            return self.downsample.out_channels
        else:
            return self.embed_dims


[docs]@BACKBONES.register_module() class SwinTransformer(BaseBackbone): """Swin Transformer. A PyTorch implement of : `Swin Transformer: Hierarchical Vision Transformer using Shifted Windows <https://arxiv.org/abs/2103.14030>`_ Inspiration from https://github.com/microsoft/Swin-Transformer Args: arch (str | dict): Swin Transformer architecture. If use string, choose from 'tiny', 'small', 'base' and 'large'. If use dict, it should have below keys: - **embed_dims** (int): The dimensions of embedding. - **depths** (List[int]): The number of blocks in each stage. - **num_heads** (List[int]): The number of heads in attention modules of each stage. Defaults to 'tiny'. img_size (int | tuple): The expected input image shape. Because we support dynamic input shape, just set the argument to the most common input image shape. Defaults to 224. patch_size (int | tuple): The patch size in patch embedding. Defaults to 4. in_channels (int): The num of input channels. Defaults to 3. window_size (int): The height and width of the window. Defaults to 7. drop_rate (float): Dropout rate after embedding. Defaults to 0. drop_path_rate (float): Stochastic depth rate. Defaults to 0.1. out_after_downsample (bool): Whether to output the feature map of a stage after the following downsample layer. Defaults to False. use_abs_pos_embed (bool): If True, add absolute position embedding to the patch embedding. Defaults to False. interpolate_mode (str): Select the interpolate mode for absolute position embeding vector resize. Defaults to "bicubic". with_cp (bool): Use checkpoint or not. Using checkpoint will save some memory while slowing down the training speed. Defaults to False. frozen_stages (int): Stages to be frozen (stop grad and set eval mode). -1 means not freezing any parameters. Defaults to -1. norm_eval (bool): Whether to set norm layers to eval mode, namely, freeze running stats (mean and var). Note: Effect on Batch Norm and its variants only. Defaults to False. pad_small_map (bool): If True, pad the small feature map to the window size, which is common used in detection and segmentation. If False, avoid shifting window and shrink the window size to the size of feature map, which is common used in classification. Defaults to False. norm_cfg (dict): Config dict for normalization layer for all output features. Defaults to ``dict(type='LN')`` stage_cfgs (Sequence[dict] | dict): Extra config dict for each stage. Defaults to an empty dict. patch_cfg (dict): Extra config dict for patch embedding. Defaults to an empty dict. init_cfg (dict, optional): The Config for initialization. Defaults to None. Examples: >>> from mmcls.models import SwinTransformer >>> import torch >>> extra_config = dict( >>> arch='tiny', >>> stage_cfgs=dict(downsample_cfg={'kernel_size': 3, >>> 'expansion_ratio': 3})) >>> self = SwinTransformer(**extra_config) >>> inputs = torch.rand(1, 3, 224, 224) >>> output = self.forward(inputs) >>> print(output.shape) (1, 2592, 4) """ arch_zoo = { **dict.fromkeys(['t', 'tiny'], {'embed_dims': 96, 'depths': [2, 2, 6, 2], 'num_heads': [3, 6, 12, 24]}), **dict.fromkeys(['s', 'small'], {'embed_dims': 96, 'depths': [2, 2, 18, 2], 'num_heads': [3, 6, 12, 24]}), **dict.fromkeys(['b', 'base'], {'embed_dims': 128, 'depths': [2, 2, 18, 2], 'num_heads': [4, 8, 16, 32]}), **dict.fromkeys(['l', 'large'], {'embed_dims': 192, 'depths': [2, 2, 18, 2], 'num_heads': [6, 12, 24, 48]}), } # yapf: disable _version = 3 num_extra_tokens = 0 def __init__(self, arch='tiny', img_size=224, patch_size=4, in_channels=3, window_size=7, drop_rate=0., drop_path_rate=0.1, out_indices=(3, ), out_after_downsample=False, use_abs_pos_embed=False, interpolate_mode='bicubic', with_cp=False, frozen_stages=-1, norm_eval=False, pad_small_map=False, norm_cfg=dict(type='LN'), stage_cfgs=dict(), patch_cfg=dict(), init_cfg=None): super(SwinTransformer, self).__init__(init_cfg=init_cfg) if isinstance(arch, str): arch = arch.lower() assert arch in set(self.arch_zoo), \ f'Arch {arch} is not in default archs {set(self.arch_zoo)}' self.arch_settings = self.arch_zoo[arch] else: essential_keys = {'embed_dims', 'depths', 'num_heads'} assert isinstance(arch, dict) and set(arch) == essential_keys, \ f'Custom arch needs a dict with keys {essential_keys}' self.arch_settings = arch self.embed_dims = self.arch_settings['embed_dims'] self.depths = self.arch_settings['depths'] self.num_heads = self.arch_settings['num_heads'] self.num_layers = len(self.depths) self.out_indices = out_indices self.out_after_downsample = out_after_downsample self.use_abs_pos_embed = use_abs_pos_embed self.interpolate_mode = interpolate_mode self.frozen_stages = frozen_stages _patch_cfg = dict( in_channels=in_channels, input_size=img_size, embed_dims=self.embed_dims, conv_type='Conv2d', kernel_size=patch_size, stride=patch_size, norm_cfg=dict(type='LN'), ) _patch_cfg.update(patch_cfg) self.patch_embed = PatchEmbed(**_patch_cfg) self.patch_resolution = self.patch_embed.init_out_size if self.use_abs_pos_embed: num_patches = self.patch_resolution[0] * self.patch_resolution[1] self.absolute_pos_embed = nn.Parameter( torch.zeros(1, num_patches, self.embed_dims)) self._register_load_state_dict_pre_hook( self._prepare_abs_pos_embed) self._register_load_state_dict_pre_hook( self._prepare_relative_position_bias_table) self.drop_after_pos = nn.Dropout(p=drop_rate) self.norm_eval = norm_eval # stochastic depth total_depth = sum(self.depths) dpr = [ x.item() for x in torch.linspace(0, drop_path_rate, total_depth) ] # stochastic depth decay rule self.stages = ModuleList() embed_dims = [self.embed_dims] for i, (depth, num_heads) in enumerate(zip(self.depths, self.num_heads)): if isinstance(stage_cfgs, Sequence): stage_cfg = stage_cfgs[i] else: stage_cfg = deepcopy(stage_cfgs) downsample = True if i < self.num_layers - 1 else False _stage_cfg = { 'embed_dims': embed_dims[-1], 'depth': depth, 'num_heads': num_heads, 'window_size': window_size, 'downsample': downsample, 'drop_paths': dpr[:depth], 'with_cp': with_cp, 'pad_small_map': pad_small_map, **stage_cfg } stage = SwinBlockSequence(**_stage_cfg) self.stages.append(stage) dpr = dpr[depth:] embed_dims.append(stage.out_channels) if self.out_after_downsample: self.num_features = embed_dims[1:] else: self.num_features = embed_dims[:-1] for i in out_indices: if norm_cfg is not None: norm_layer = build_norm_layer(norm_cfg, self.num_features[i])[1] else: norm_layer = nn.Identity() self.add_module(f'norm{i}', norm_layer)
[docs] def init_weights(self): super(SwinTransformer, self).init_weights() if (isinstance(self.init_cfg, dict) and self.init_cfg['type'] == 'Pretrained'): # Suppress default init if use pretrained model. return if self.use_abs_pos_embed: trunc_normal_(self.absolute_pos_embed, std=0.02)
[docs] def forward(self, x): x, hw_shape = self.patch_embed(x) if self.use_abs_pos_embed: x = x + resize_pos_embed( self.absolute_pos_embed, self.patch_resolution, hw_shape, self.interpolate_mode, self.num_extra_tokens) x = self.drop_after_pos(x) outs = [] for i, stage in enumerate(self.stages): x, hw_shape = stage( x, hw_shape, do_downsample=self.out_after_downsample) if i in self.out_indices: norm_layer = getattr(self, f'norm{i}') out = norm_layer(x) out = out.view(-1, *hw_shape, self.num_features[i]).permute(0, 3, 1, 2).contiguous() outs.append(out) if stage.downsample is not None and not self.out_after_downsample: x, hw_shape = stage.downsample(x, hw_shape) return tuple(outs)
def _load_from_state_dict(self, state_dict, prefix, local_metadata, *args, **kwargs): """load checkpoints.""" # Names of some parameters in has been changed. version = local_metadata.get('version', None) if (version is None or version < 2) and self.__class__ is SwinTransformer: final_stage_num = len(self.stages) - 1 state_dict_keys = list(state_dict.keys()) for k in state_dict_keys: if k.startswith('norm.') or k.startswith('backbone.norm.'): convert_key = k.replace('norm.', f'norm{final_stage_num}.') state_dict[convert_key] = state_dict[k] del state_dict[k] if (version is None or version < 3) and self.__class__ is SwinTransformer: state_dict_keys = list(state_dict.keys()) for k in state_dict_keys: if 'attn_mask' in k: del state_dict[k] super()._load_from_state_dict(state_dict, prefix, local_metadata, *args, **kwargs) def _freeze_stages(self): if self.frozen_stages >= 0: self.patch_embed.eval() for param in self.patch_embed.parameters(): param.requires_grad = False for i in range(0, self.frozen_stages + 1): m = self.stages[i] m.eval() for param in m.parameters(): param.requires_grad = False for i in self.out_indices: if i <= self.frozen_stages: for param in getattr(self, f'norm{i}').parameters(): param.requires_grad = False
[docs] def train(self, mode=True): super(SwinTransformer, self).train(mode) self._freeze_stages() if mode and self.norm_eval: for m in self.modules(): # trick: eval have effect on BatchNorm only if isinstance(m, _BatchNorm): m.eval()
def _prepare_abs_pos_embed(self, state_dict, prefix, *args, **kwargs): name = prefix + 'absolute_pos_embed' if name not in state_dict.keys(): return ckpt_pos_embed_shape = state_dict[name].shape if self.absolute_pos_embed.shape != ckpt_pos_embed_shape: from mmcls.utils import get_root_logger logger = get_root_logger() logger.info( 'Resize the absolute_pos_embed shape from ' f'{ckpt_pos_embed_shape} to {self.absolute_pos_embed.shape}.') ckpt_pos_embed_shape = to_2tuple( int(np.sqrt(ckpt_pos_embed_shape[1] - self.num_extra_tokens))) pos_embed_shape = self.patch_embed.init_out_size state_dict[name] = resize_pos_embed(state_dict[name], ckpt_pos_embed_shape, pos_embed_shape, self.interpolate_mode, self.num_extra_tokens) def _prepare_relative_position_bias_table(self, state_dict, prefix, *args, **kwargs): state_dict_model = self.state_dict() all_keys = list(state_dict_model.keys()) for key in all_keys: if 'relative_position_bias_table' in key: ckpt_key = prefix + key if ckpt_key not in state_dict: continue relative_position_bias_table_pretrained = state_dict[ckpt_key] relative_position_bias_table_current = state_dict_model[key] L1, nH1 = relative_position_bias_table_pretrained.size() L2, nH2 = relative_position_bias_table_current.size() if L1 != L2: src_size = int(L1**0.5) dst_size = int(L2**0.5) new_rel_pos_bias = resize_relative_position_bias_table( src_size, dst_size, relative_position_bias_table_pretrained, nH1) from mmcls.utils import get_root_logger logger = get_root_logger() logger.info('Resize the relative_position_bias_table from ' f'{state_dict[ckpt_key].shape} to ' f'{new_rel_pos_bias.shape}') state_dict[ckpt_key] = new_rel_pos_bias # The index buffer need to be re-generated. index_buffer = ckpt_key.replace('bias_table', 'index') del state_dict[index_buffer]
Read the Docs v: latest
Versions
master
latest
1.x
dev-1.x
Downloads
html
epub
On Read the Docs
Project Home
Builds

Free document hosting provided by Read the Docs.